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Vicente Gimeno Sendra
Catedrático de Derecho Procesal
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia

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Algunas consideraciones sobre la interpretación de la dimensión extraprocesal de la presunción de inocencia por el Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos. (RI §414588)  

- M.ª Rosa Gutiérrez Sanz

El principio de presunción de inocencia presenta una dimensión extraprocesal o externa que ha sido objeto de escaso interés por los tribunales españoles pero de un profuso tratamiento por parte del TEDH. De hecho, el Estado español ha sido sancionado en varias ocasiones por vulnerar el contenido del artículo. 6.2 del CEDH. La sentencia Allen contra UK de Julio de 2013 ha abierto un nuevo panorama al plantear un cambio de tendencia en la forma de entender la dimensión externa de la presunción de inocencia.

1. Introducción: La dimensión extraprocesal del derecho de presunción de inocencia. 2. La interpretación del TEDH en el caso Lizaso The presumption of innocence has an external dimension that has been scarcely studied by Spanish case law, but not by the European Court of Human Rights. Actually, Spain has been punished in several occasions for the violation of art. 6.2 ECHR. The July 2013 decision in Allen v. United Kingdom offers a new perspective on the external dimension of the presumption of innocence.

The bankruptcy matter has undoubtedly one procedural dimension that the legal practitioners cannot ignore; in this regard, the bankruptcy process is a judicial process in which the study of the procedural effects of the bankruptcy declaration has become a central topic because these procedural effects of the declaration are the instrument through which the bankruptcy can operate. There are many shortcomings in the current legislation, which demonstrate that the legislature has not paid due attention to the procedural aspects of the bankruptcy law. In this paper we analyze the problems prospected by the treatment of the procedural questions of jurisdiction and competence as well as the complications that can happen during the proceeding of the declaration of insolvency, with particular regard to the ability or inability of debtor to be able to object to a bankruptcy declaration, and the recovery by the legislature of the insolvency inaudita parte debitoris (art. 15.1 LC) that opens various questions about their suitability to our system of procedural and constitutional rights.

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